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Environment Words Multiple Choice Definitions Worksheet

1. conservation
A) the act of promoting the responsible, renewable consumption of the natural resources of the earth to protect the environment and its natural resources from contamination or depletion
B) when the environment or an ecosystem has been damaged by the introduction of a harmful, often toxic substance destroying a natural resource and the dependant plant and animal life
C) a natural resource that can be replenished via natural processes
D) the often toxic by-product produced by various industrialized activities that are usually very harmful to the environment and cause contamination
2. consumption
A) to use a resource via methods that do not deplete the supply of the resource
B) the harmful, often toxic, human produced contaminates that disrupt or destroy an ecosystem or natural resource
C) the beneficial, balanced interaction and interdependency of the environment and the organisms that live within it
D) the act of using, often to the detriment of the environment, the planets natural resources
3. contamination
A) the often toxic by-product produced by various industrialized activities that are usually very harmful to the environment and cause contamination
B) any substance relating to or originating from a living organism
C) the over-consumption and misuse of the environment and its natural resources
D) when the environment or an ecosystem has been damaged by the introduction of a harmful, often toxic substance destroying a natural resource and the dependant plant and animal life
4. desertification
A) the over-consumption and misuse of the environment and its natural resources
B) the act of promoting the responsible, renewable consumption of the natural resources of the earth to protect the environment and its natural resources from contamination or depletion
C) the effect of altering the natural environment, mostly by overpopulation, over-cultivating, altering the natural flow of water, and introduction of non-native plant life; degrading the soil to the point it can no longer sustain life causing dry
D) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
5. ecosystem
A) the act of protecting the environment and its resources by removing all human influence or interaction
B) when the environment or an ecosystem has been damaged by the introduction of a harmful, often toxic substance destroying a natural resource and the dependant plant and animal life
C) the beneficial, balanced interaction and interdependency of the environment and the organisms that live within it
D) the act of promoting the responsible, renewable consumption of the natural resources of the earth to protect the environment and its natural resources from contamination or depletion
6. exploitation
A) the effect of altering the natural environment, mostly by overpopulation, over-cultivating, altering the natural flow of water, and introduction of non-native plant life; degrading the soil to the point it can no longer sustain life causing dry
B) the over-consumption and misuse of the environment and its natural resources
C) the often toxic by-product produced by various industrialized activities that are usually very harmful to the environment and cause contamination
D) causing a plant or animal species or organism to no longer exist, usually due to over-hunting or destruction of an ecosystem
7. extinction
A) causing a plant or animal species or organism to no longer exist, usually due to over-hunting or destruction of an ecosystem
B) the beneficial, balanced interaction and interdependency of the environment and the organisms that live within it
C) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
D) the often toxic by-product produced by various industrialized activities that are usually very harmful to the environment and cause contamination
 
8. industrialization
A) the act of promoting the responsible, renewable consumption of the natural resources of the earth to protect the environment and its natural resources from contamination or depletion
B) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
C) the effect of altering the natural environment, mostly by overpopulation, over-cultivating, altering the natural flow of water, and introduction of non-native plant life; degrading the soil to the point it can no longer sustain life causing dry
D) to create new products by reusing and processing used materials
9. organic
A) the act of promoting the responsible, renewable consumption of the natural resources of the earth to protect the environment and its natural resources from contamination or depletion
B) causing a plant or animal species or organism to no longer exist, usually due to over-hunting or destruction of an ecosystem
C) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
D) any substance relating to or originating from a living organism
10. pollution
A) the act of using, often to the detriment of the environment, the planets natural resources
B) the harmful, often toxic, human produced contaminates that disrupt or destroy an ecosystem or natural resource
C) the effect of altering the natural environment, mostly by overpopulation, over-cultivating, altering the natural flow of water, and introduction of non-native plant life; degrading the soil to the point it can no longer sustain life causing dry
D) causing a plant or animal species or organism to no longer exist, usually due to over-hunting or destruction of an ecosystem
11. preservation
A) to use a resource via methods that do not deplete the supply of the resource
B) the act of protecting the environment and its resources by removing all human influence or interaction
C) the effect of altering the natural environment, mostly by overpopulation, over-cultivating, altering the natural flow of water, and introduction of non-native plant life; degrading the soil to the point it can no longer sustain life causing dry
D) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
12. recycle
A) to create new products by reusing and processing used materials
B) any substance relating to or originating from a living organism
C) the beneficial, balanced interaction and interdependency of the environment and the organisms that live within it
D) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
13. renewable
A) to use a resource via methods that do not deplete the supply of the resource
B) causing a plant or animal species or organism to no longer exist, usually due to over-hunting or destruction of an ecosystem
C) a natural resource that can be replenished via natural processes
D) the over-consumption and misuse of the environment and its natural resources
14. sustainable
A) the process by which a society is transformed from a pre-industrial state to an industrial one, often causing a rise in pollution and ill effects on the environment
B) to use a resource via methods that do not deplete the supply of the resource
C) when the environment or an ecosystem has been damaged by the introduction of a harmful, often toxic substance destroying a natural resource and the dependant plant and animal life
D) the harmful, often toxic, human produced contaminates that disrupt or destroy an ecosystem or natural resource
 
15. waste
A) the act of using, often to the detriment of the environment, the planets natural resources
B) to create new products by reusing and processing used materials
C) causing a plant or animal species or organism to no longer exist, usually due to over-hunting or destruction of an ecosystem
D) the often toxic by-product produced by various industrialized activities that are usually very harmful to the environment and cause contamination

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